Detail Article

Conservative Dentistry Journal / Vol. 6. No. 1. 2016-01: 58 - 64


(Comparison Of Cervical Caries Based On Patient’s Age And Gender At Conservative Dentistry Clinic In Dental Hospital Of Airlangga University On August-December 2015)


Perbandingan Karies Servikal Berdasarkan Usia Dan Jenis Kelamin Di UPF Konservasi Gigi RSGM FKG Unair Bulan Agustus – November 2015

  1. Nur Aisyah Maulidya Rahmawati
    Mahasiswa Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya-Indonesia
    -
  2. Ketut Suardita
    Staf Pengajar Departemen Konservasi Gigi Kedokteran Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya-Indonesia
    suardita@hotmail.com
  3. Setyabudi
    Staf Pengajar Departemen Konservasi Gigi Kedokteran Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya-Indonesia
    sgdefender@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Cervical caries is now been considered as a major dental public problem for the elderly. Cervical caries is most common in older people and increase with age. Beside age and gender, other factors that may associated with cervical caries are systemic disease, systemic drugs, gingival recession, oral hygiene, frequency, technique and time of tooth brushing, and regular dental check-up behavior. Purpose: The purpose of this study was compare the cervical caries of patient who come to Conservative Dentistry Clinic in Dental Hospital of Airlangga University on August until November 2015 based on age, gender, and other factors. Methods: The study included 80 patient (37 patient with cervical caries). Age, gender, and another factors were collected through medical records and personal interview. The patients were examined for cervical caries. The patient’s age was grouping based on age  into three groups,  adolescence (12-25 years old),  adult  (26-45 years old), and elderly ( ≥46 years old) and based on gender (male and female). Analysis were done using chi-square analysis. Results: Out of all, 46.3% patients have cervical caries. Among the patients with cervical caries, the elderly groups have the highest prevalence (43.2 %). There is significant difference of cervical caries based on the patient’s age (p<0.05). Tooth brushing frequency and tooth brushing technique have significant difference based on patient’s age (p<0.05). Among the patients with cervical caries, 59.4% is male and 40.6% is female. Statistical analysis revealed that there’s no significant difference of cervical caries based on the patient’s gender (p>0.05). Smoking habit has significant difference based on patient’s gender. Conclusion: Cervical caries is most common in elderly people. Cervical caries is increase with age. Male have more cervical caries than female. There is no difference of cervical caries between male and female. Frequency and technique of tooth brushing were different based on patient’s age and smoking habit was different based on patient’s gender.

Keyword: cervical carious lesion , cervical caries , oral hygien e ,

Abstrak

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Daftar Pustaka

  1. Higham, S, Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Demineralization /Remineralization. -, American Dental Education Association, 2014.
  2. Young, DA, Report of The American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs. -, JADA, 2015.
  3. Kaweckyj, Geriatric Dentistry : Reviewing for the Present, Preparing for the Future. -, American Dental Assistant Association, 2015.

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