Detail Article

Orthodontic Dental Journal / Vol. 7. No. 2. 2016-11: 51 - 54

Polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cells levels in gingival crevicular fluid during orthodontic tooth movement

Perubahan jumlah sel polymorphonuclear dan mononuclear dalam cairan krevikular gingiva pada pemakai peranti ortodonti cekat

  1. Ervina R Winoto
    Staf Pengajar Departemen Ortodonti Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya - Indonesia


Background:  Inflammatory cells in gingival crevicular fluid have an important role in tooth movement. These cells secrets cytokines (Interleukin-1β, prostaglandin and Tumor Necrosis Factor α) that activated osteoclasts to resorpt on one side of the bone and osteoblasts to reform on the other side, then tooth movement will take place inside the socket. Purpose: to examine the difference amount of inflammatory cells in gingival crevicular fluid on day-0, day-1, day-7 and day-21 after giving the orthodontic force. Materials: a thirteen patients treated using standard edgewise bracket with 0.018 slot, a 0.014 NiTi and power o ligated were used as sample. Methods: Gingival crevicular fluid was collected by using a steril paper strip that was placed in the crevicular region of upper central incisive for 60 seconds. The amount of inflammatory cells was counted from slide under the microscope. Result: The result showed that a significant difference amount of polymorphonuclear cells were between day-0 with day-1 and day-7, day-1 with day-21, and day-7 with day-21. A significant difference amount of mononuclear cells also shown between day-0 with day-7 and day-21, day-1 with day-7 and day-21. Conclusion: acute inflammation took place on day-1 after the orthodontic force was given, then chronic inflammation took place on day-7, and on day-21 the inflammation process has cured which was marked by decreasing amount of inflammation cells in gingival crevicular fluid. 

Keyword: inflammation process, inflammatory cells, polymorphonuclear cells, mononuclear cells, gingival crevicular fluid,


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Daftar Pustaka

  1. Caranza FA, Clinical Periodontology. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Co, 1996.

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