Detail Article

Conservative Dentistry Journal / Vol. 4. No. 2. 2014-01: 1 - 5


The difference of 8% propolis extract and 17% EDTA for the cleanliness of root canal walls


Perbedaan bahan ekstrak propolis 8% dan EDTA 17% terhadap kebersihan dinding saluran akar

  1. Andita Widya M
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  2. Karlina Samadi
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  3. Edhie Arif P
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Abstract

Background: Root canal instrumentation produces a smear layer that covers the surfaces of prepared canal walls. Smear layer is a debris consisting organic and inorganic particles that has to be removed for success of endodontic treatment. Propolis, natural product of the honeybee contain saponin compounds that are as surfactants which can dissolve the smear layer. 17% EDTA has been used for irrigations solutions that can remove the inorganic particle of smear layer. Until now the research about the difference cleanliness between Propolis extract and 17% EDTA still has not been done. Purpose: This study was to carry out SEM analysis of the cleanliness of root canal walls, irrigated with aquadest, 8% Propolis extract and 17% EDTA. Method: Twenty one extracted teeth with straight single root canals were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=7). The specimens instrumented with Protaper for Hand Use up to F3. During instrumentations, irrigations were made with the different solutions: Control Group: aquadest; Group 1: 8% Propolis extract; Group 2: 17% EDTA. After that, the roots were cut for SEM analysis, at apical thirds, to ascertain the cleanliness of root canal walls. SEM scores were submitted to Mann Whitney test at the significance level of p=5%, and Median Control Test. Results: For Mann-Whitney test there were significant differences between each group (p<0,05). Median value of 8% Propolis extract shown 1,000 which is the smallest value compared to the value of the other groups. Conclusion: 8% Propolis extract better in cleaning the root canal walls compared with EDTA 17%

Keyword: Smear layer, Propolis Extract, EDTA,

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