Detail Article

Conservative Dentistry Journal / Vol. 6. No. 1. 2016-01: 77 - 82


The effectivity of mangosteen pericarp extract (Garcinia mangostana L.) as tooth cavity cleanser


Efektivitas ekstrak kulit manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) sebagai bahan pembersih kavitas gigi

  1. Sylvia Paulina Panggono
    Mahasiswa Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya-Indonesia
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  2. Tamara Yuanita
    Staf Pengajar Departemen Konservasi Gigi Kedokteran Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya-Indonesia
    tam25jun@yahoo.com
  3. Eric Priyo Prasetyo
    Staf Pengajar Departemen Konservasi Gigi Kedokteran Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya-Indonesia
    ep_pras@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background.The important factor in determining the success of restoration is the adhesive bond between teeth and restoration materials. Adhesive bond can not be obtained because of the debris which consist of microorganism, inorganic and organic materials that formed during instrumentation process. Therefore, debris must be removed by using cavity cleanser. Nowadays, there are many cavity cleansers but they have side effects. Therefore, it is necessary to develop ingredients derived from nature that mangosteen pericarp extract. Mangosten pericarp extract consist of saponin, xanthone, tannin, and flavonoid that can removed debris from cavity surface, but until now have not known the effective concentration of mangosteen pericarp extract as cavity cleanser.  Purpose.The purpose of this study is to determine  the most effective concentration of mangosteen pericarp extract as cavity cleanser. Method.Twenty four premolar maxillary human teeth were randomized into four groups, each group consisting of 6 teeth. Teeths were cut horizontally on CEJ with disk bur and then, preparation cavity on occlusal side with wheel diamond bur as deep as 1.5 mm. After preparation, mangosteen pericarp extract concentration 400 µg/ml, 500 µg/ml, 600 µg/ml were applied on cavity surface in 10 seconds while the control group were not applied. The result of cavity cleanliness was observed by using scanning electron microscope. Result. There is a significant difference between each groups (p<0.05). Conclusion.Mangosteen pericarp extract (Garcinia mangostana L.) with a concentration of 600 µg/ml effective as cavity cleanser.

Keyword: Mangosteen pericarp extract (Garcinia mangostana L, cavity cleanser , debris ,

Abstrak

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Daftar Pustaka

  1. Jiovanne Rabelo, Efficacy of Smear Layer Removal by Cavity Cleaning Solutions: an Atomic Force Microscopy Study. -, Rev. Odonto Cienc , 2011.
  2. Hariadi, A, Efek Chlorhexidine digluconate 2% sebagai Cavity Cleanser terhadap Infiltrasi Sel Inflamasi pada Pulpa Gigi Tikus Sprague Dawley. Yogyakarta, Universitas Gajah Mada, 2013.
  3. Liska, Y, Gempur 41 Penyakit Dengan Buah Manggis. Yogyakarta, Pustaka Baru Pres, 2011.

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