Detail Article

Periodontic Journal / Vol. 9. No. 1. 2017-01: 33 - 40


The Gingivitis Severity of Patients Using Gingival Index At Dental Clinic Puskesmas Peneleh Surabaya in 2016


Keparahan Gingivitis pada Pasien Poli Gigi Puskesmas Peneleh Surabaya Tahun 2016 Menggunakan Gingival Index.

  1. Aditya Sonarya
    student of Bachelor Program in Dental Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
    aditya.sonarya-13@fkg.unair.ac.id
  2. ernie Maduratna Setiawati
    department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya-Indonesia
    aditya.sonarya-13@fkg.unair.ac.id
  3. irma Josefina Savitri
    department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya-Indonesia
    aditya.sonarya-13@fkg.unair.ac.id

Abstract

Background: The characteristics of gingivitis are bleeding, erythema, oedema, ulceration, and hyperplastic swelling of the gingiva. Risk can be identified in terms of risk factors, risk determinants, risk indicators, and risk predictors or risk markers. Gingival bleeding has been used as a key parameter in the evaluation of gingivitis because it is objective and easy to clinical access. The Gingival Index was created for the assessment of the gingival condition and records qualitative changes in the gingiva. Previous study established that plaque-induced gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease,which is considered to be the second most common oral disease after dental caries, affecting more than 75% of the population worldwide.  However, there is no any data of periodontal disease in Surabaya City, especially gingivitis. In order to increase public dental awareness and dental health, especially as prevention towards periodontal diseases, accurate data is needed regarding the description of periodontal dissease in Surabaya. Purpose: The aim of this study was to find out the severity of gingivitis in Dental Clinic Puskesmas Peneleh Surabaya in 2016. Method: Descriptive observational study using cross-sectional approach with simple random sampling and gingival index method. Results: Male patients have higher gingivitis severity than female patients. Highest gingivitis severity occurs in adolescent age category (12-16 years old), patients who had the level of education of high school and under, patients that visited dentist routinely, and patients who brush less than twice a day. Conclusion: In general majority patients have GI mean score of “moderate” and male have higher GI mean score than female.

Keyword: Epidemiology, gingivitis, gingival Index, Gingivitis Severity,

Abstrak

Background: The characteristics of gingivitis are bleeding, erythema, oedema, ulceration, and hyperplastic swelling of the gingiva. Risk can be identified in terms of risk factors, risk determinants, risk indicators, and risk predictors or risk markers. Gingival bleeding has been used as a key parameter in the evaluation of gingivitis because it is objective and easy to clinical access. The Gingival Index was created for the assessment of the gingival condition and records qualitative changes in the gingiva. Previous study established that plaque-induced gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease,which is considered to be the second most common oral disease after dental caries, affecting more than 75% of the population worldwide.  However, there is no any data of periodontal disease in Surabaya City, especially gingivitis. In order to increase public dental awareness and dental health, especially as prevention towards periodontal diseases, accurate data is needed regarding the description of periodontal dissease in Surabaya. Purpose: The aim of this study was to find out the severity of gingivitis in Dental Clinic Puskesmas Peneleh Surabaya in 2016. Method: Descriptive observational study using cross-sectional approach with simple random sampling and gingival index method. Results: Male patients have higher gingivitis severity than female patients. Highest gingivitis severity occurs in adolescent age category (12-16 years old), patients who had the level of education of high school and under, patients that visited dentist routinely, and patients who brush less than twice a day. Conclusion: In general majority patients have GI mean score of “moderate” and male have higher GI mean score than female.


Daftar Pustaka

  1. Reddy, Essentials of Clinical Periodontology and Periodontics. 3rd ed. . New Delhi, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, 2011.

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