Detail Article

Periodontic Journal / Vol. 9. No. 2. 2017-07: 1 - 7


The Severity of Gingivitis Patients In The Dental Section of Public Health Service of Kedungdoro Surabaya in 2016 Using Gingival Index


Keparahan Gingivitis Pada Pasien Poli Gigi Puskesmas Kedungdoro Surabaya Tahun 2016 Menggunakan Gingival Index

  1. Gusti Ayu Mega Augustika
    student of Bachelor Program in Dental Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
    gustiayumegaaugustika@gmail.com
  2. Lambang Bargowo
    Department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya-Indonesia
    gustiayumegaaugustika@gmail.com
  3. Irma Josefina Savitri
    Department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya-Indonesia
    gustiayumegaaugustika@gmail.com

Abstract

            Background. Gingivitis is a very common and mild form of periodontal disease that causes inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis can be very mild, people may not be aware of it. Clinical signs of gingivitis such as bleeding, erythema, edematous, hyperplastic swelling, and ulceration generally found.Predisposing factors need to be known and classified in order to provide effective treatments and prevent an increase in the prevalence of gingivitis in the society. There are four elements of risk assessment which are: risk factor, risk determinant, risk indicator, and risk marker that could trigger periodontal diseases or worsen the earlier periodontal disease.Gingival Index was used to measure the severity of gingivitis as it is simple and histopathologically proven. Gingival index is an index that could measure gingivitis severity based on gingival color, gingival consistency, and bleeding on probing. According to RISKESDAS or Riset Kesehatan Dasar done by ministry of health on 2007, about 96,58% indonesian’s people suffering from gingivitis but there’s no data shows prevalence of gingivitis in Surabaya, so the researcher would like to know prevalence of gingivitis in surabaya Purpose. to descripe Puskesmas Kedungdoro’s patients gingival inflammation in 2016.Method. This research is a descriptive observational study with cross-sectional approach. The severity of gingivitis was clinically assesed in 100 patients using Gingival Index (GI). An aditional data regarding possible predisposing factors was noted using questionnaire and direct interview prior to the clinical examination. Result and Conclusion. The majority of the patients had moderate gingivitis. Predisposing factors that were identified with risk assessment may affect the severity of gingivitis. 

Keyword: periodontal disease, gingivitis, epidemiology, Gingival Index, gingivitis severity,

Abstrak

            Background. Gingivitis is a very common and mild form of periodontal disease that causes inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis can be very mild, people may not be aware of it. Clinical signs of gingivitis such as bleeding, erythema, edematous, hyperplastic swelling, and ulceration generally found.Predisposing factors need to be known and classified in order to provide effective treatments and prevent an increase in the prevalence of gingivitis in the society. There are four elements of risk assessment which are: risk factor, risk determinant, risk indicator, and risk marker that could trigger periodontal diseases or worsen the earlier periodontal disease.Gingival Index was used to measure the severity of gingivitis as it is simple and histopathologically proven. Gingival index is an index that could measure gingivitis severity based on gingival color, gingival consistency, and bleeding on probing. According to RISKESDAS or Riset Kesehatan Dasar done by ministry of health on 2007, about 96,58% indonesian’s people suffering from gingivitis but there’s no data shows prevalence of gingivitis in Surabaya, so the researcher would like to know prevalence of gingivitis in surabaya Purpose. to descripe Puskesmas Kedungdoro’s patients gingival inflammation in 2016.Method. This research is a descriptive observational study with cross-sectional approach. The severity of gingivitis was clinically assesed in 100 patients using Gingival Index (GI). An aditional data regarding possible predisposing factors was noted using questionnaire and direct interview prior to the clinical examination. Result and Conclusion. The majority of the patients had moderate gingivitis. Predisposing factors that were identified with risk assessment may affect the severity of gingivitis. 


Daftar Pustaka

  1. Silvia, et al, Hubungan Frekuensi Menyikat Gigi Dengan Tingkat Kebersihan Gigi Dan Mulut Siswa Sekolah Dasar Negeri Di Kecamatan Palaran Kota Madya Samarinda Profinsi Kalimantan Timur. Surabaya, Dental Journal, 2005.

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